A mouth ulcer is caused by the loss or erosion of the delicate lining tissue of the mouth (mucous membrane). Mouth ulcers are harmless and heal in a few days without medical treatment. They cause swelling, tenderness, irritation of the skin and even loss of appetite.
What are the common causes of Mouth Ulcers?
- Injury from a toothbrush
- Constant friction caused by misaligned or sharp teeth, dentures or braces
- Poor oral hygiene
- Mechanical injury
- Certain medications or chemicals
- Burns caused by hot food
- Irritations from antiseptic or mouth wash
- Tooth abscess
- Acute periodontal (gum) disease
- Oral thrush (fungal) infection and other infections such as herpes simplex (a common viral infection) or hand foot and mouth disease
- Autoimmune diseases or disease such as TB, HIV, diabetes mellitus and inflammatory bowel disease
- Vitamin deficiencies
What are Aphthous ulcers or Canker ulcers?
Ulcers that reoccur are called Aphthous Ulcers. They are tiny off white ulcers on the tongue, gums or mouth that erupt during times of emotional stress or for some women, during their periods. Researchers are of the opinion that these ulcers are caused by the reaction of the immune system to stress or hormones. They are triggered by a virus or an allergic reaction.
What are the complications of mouth ulcers?
Ulcers that reoccur and remain untreated, lead to complications. These could include bacterial infection and inflammation of the mouth (cellulitis).
How are mouth ulcers diagnosed?
- Physical examination
- Blood tests
- Skin biopsy
How we can help you?
If you have concerns about mouth ulcers, visit your dentist at the dental gallery in Point Cook. We can help by identifying the underlying cause of your mouth ulcers. This will assist in developing a tailored treatment plan.
We also have a low level laser that can assist with the healing of the ulcers and reducing the discomfort that is caused by these ulcers.